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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 43-46

Onychomycosis: Etiology, diagnosis, and treatment

Faculty of Clinical Medicine, College of Medicine and Health Sciences Abia State University, Uturu, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
A C Ngwogu
Abia State University Teaching Hospital, P. O. Box 7004, Aba, Abia State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/9783-1230.132559

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Background: Onychomycosis, although a common problem in all age groups, is often misdiagnosed and consequently under-treated. There is need for improved awareness and proper laboratory diagnosis to ensure effective therapy. Objective: To review the etiology, diagnosis, and treatment of onychomycosis. Design: Data sources from internet searches on AJOL and Pubmed conducted using the keywords "onychomycosis," fungal nail infections. Setting: Abia State University Teaching Hospital (ABSUTH), Aba, in South Eastern Nigeria. Subjects: A total of 38 articles and laboratory manuals. Materials and Methods: A total of 38 articles including laboratory manuals, published between 1974 and 2009, were selected and reviewed. Results: Onychomycosis is gradually increasing in the general population. The etiological agents differ from person to person and from place to place. Conclusion: There is need for proper laboratory diagnosis prior to institution of therapy. Effective therapy is with the use of systemic drugs with or without topical agents.

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