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Year : 2014  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 59-62

Congenital malformations as seen in a secondary healthcare institution in Southeast Nigeria

1 Department of Paediatrics, Abia State University Teaching Hospital, Aba, Nigeria
2 Federal Medical Centre, Abakaliki, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
C N Onyearugha
Department of Paediatrics, Abia State University Teaching Hospital, PMB 7004, Aba
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/9783-1230.139163

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Objective: The aim was to determine the prevalence and pattern of congenital malformations. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study of neonates with congenital anomalies delivered at Federal Medical Centre Abakaliki, Ebonyi state over 10 year period was conducted. Data were extracted from the delivery records of neonates and mothers. Results: The prevalence of congenital anomalies was 0.42%. Highest frequency of congenital anomalies occurred in the digestive system (36.7%), followed by the skeletal system and the least in the cardiovascular system (5%). Majority of cases (83.3%) were term babies while 85% had normal birth weight. Highest proportion of babies with congenital anomalies (35%) was delivered by mothers aged 25-29 years and 40% by those of parities 4, 5. Ninety-three percent of the mothers were booked. Conclusion: The prevalence of congenital malformations in this study was 0.42%.Congenital malformations of the digestive system are the most prevalent in this study.

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